The Chemical Society, the Royal Institute of Chemistry, and
other organizations merge to form the Royal Society of Chemistry in Great
NSF awards grant to
Machlup to study "Information Science: An Analysis of Methodological
Issues and Interdisciplinary Relationships." Report is issued in 1984 (Altman,
Paperwork Reduction Act of 1980, PL 96-511, is passed. Designates
the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) as major agency to coordinate
federal information. Establishes the Office of Information and Regulatory
Affairs (OIRA) in OMB (Pinelli, et al., 1992).
The ACS publication, Journal of Medicinal Chemistry,
is made available in full text on an experimental basis on the (BRS) Bibliographic
Retrieval Service online system.
Gmelin Handbuch begins transition from German to English.
First successfully marketed IBM
personal computer, the IBM
Fachgruppe Chemie-Information is founded within the Gesellschaft
Great Britain's Chemical Structure Association is established.
Chemical Abstracts issues a collective
index for 1977-1981.
Division of Chemical Information and Computer Science is
founded within the Chemical Society of Japan.
CA File, the most complete online equivalent
of CA, is introduced.
U.S. National Science Foundationincorporates
ARPANET into its new INTERNET (interactive network) (Pinelli,
et al., 1992).
CAS ONLINE is incorporated, along with non-CAS databases,
into Scientific and Technical Network (STN) International, a joint operation
of CAS, Japan Science and Technology Corporation, and Fachinformationzentrum
Journal of Biological Chemistry becomes first journal
to ask authors to reference an electronic database, in this case of nucleotide
NSFNET (National Science Foundaton Network) is established.
Implements a high-speed data communications network to link the National
Supercomputing Centers and their networks (Pinelli,
et al., 1992).
NSF Division of Information
Science becomes the Division of Information, Robotics and Intelligent Systems
First International Conference on Chemical Structures held
in Noordwijkerhout, The Netherlands.
System (early precursor project for multimedia browsing on distributed
file servers) begins at Bell Labs
by Schatz (Schatz, 1997).
National Center for Biotechnology Information founded to
oversee the information components of the Human
First International Conference on Chemical Information held
in Montreux, Switzerland.
Tetrahedron Computer Methodology, edited by W. Todd
Wipke, becomes the first journal published in electronic form only, available
on floppy disks.
Berners-Lee (CERN) prepares internal paper titled "Information
Management: A Proposal," describing a proposed information system for
CERN. W3C history considers this an important document in the development
of the Web. (Contains interesting similarities to proposals by IST professionals
for information services.)
SCIENCE IN THE 20TH CENTURY