IN THE 18TH
Academie de Chirurgia (Paris) publishes Memoires pour
les Chirurgiens, generally considered to be the first medical journal.
The American Philosophical Society, patterned on the Royal
Society (London), is founded in Philadelphia. This is the first US scientific
Academie des Sciences (Paris) begins publication of Descriptions
des Arts et Metiers, which consists of collections of descriptions
of various arts and sciences of the times. Approximately 100 monographs
are published between 1761 and 1789.
Chemisches Journal, thought to be the first chemical
journal, is established by Lorenz von Crell. Published 1778-84, subsequently
renamed Chemische Annalen and published 1784-1803. It already included
some abstracts (Skolnik, "Milestones," 1976).
Antoine Laurent Lavoisier, Louis Bernard, Guyton de Moreau,
Claude Louis Berthollet, and Antoin François de Fourcroy establish
the Annales de chimie.
Short-lived Chemical Society of Philadelphia is founded and
subsequently publishes its transactions
Alois Senefelder (Germany) develops the concept of lithography
for use in mass printing work.