NAME: Calvin Northrup Mooers
DATES: 1919-1994
ADDRESS:
E-MAIL:
WORKED AT: Rockford Research Inc.
OTHER INFORMATION: Mooers coined the terms "information retrieval" (1950) and "descriptors." He promulgated "Mooers' Law" on the use of information. He advocated assigning random superimposed codes to reduce the possibility of false drops and assure greater accuracy. He was the son-in-law of Watson Davis. He worked on early information retrieval experiments during WWII (Farkas-Conn). He worked at: Pres., Rockford Research (Cambridge, MA); Worked in Naval Ordnance Lab building an electronic computer-the NOL (WWII).  A memoir of his work on the NOL computer project and his association with early computer pioneers, Mauchley, Atanasoff, and others was published in the June, 2001 issues of IEEE Annals of History. 

Mooers developed his own coding and indexing ideas. He was a pioneer of IR systems, establishing a new approach to intellectual organization of knowledge. By 1947, Mooers was an "influential figure in the early information science community" (Burke). His Zatocoding system used superimposed random codes to improve information retrieval from a file of edge-notched cards. He began his own information management company.  He also developed a programming language, TRAC, which is still in use today

"In the 1940's Taube, Mooers, and Perry were the leaders among Americans...investigating subject analysis, the coding of subject terms, and their relationship to information retrieval. Their approach combined a pragmatic view and abstract thinking" (Farkas-Conn). He was editor ADI? (Bellardo).  For additional biographical information see the Babbage Institute Web site noted below and the Web site developed by Mooers' daughters, Helen and Edith:
http://www.tracfoundation.org/mooers/mooers.htm
.

AWARDS: 1978 Award of Merit (ASIS)
OFFICES:

PAPERS AT:
LOCATION #1
University of Minnesota, Babbage Institute, Minneapolis, MN 55455.
PAPERS DATES: ca. 1930-1994
SIZE:
INCLUDES: His papers covering 1930-1994.
FINDING AID:
SOURCE: http://www.cbi.umn.edu/collections/inv/mooers.html 



VIEW IMAGES OF CALVIN MOOERS AND FAMILY
        Charlotte Davis and Calvin Mooers' wedding picture
        Age about 30
        Mooers' Zator card system
        With John Mauchley, age about 40
        Age about 45
        Lecturing at chalkboard, age about 45
        (In straw hat), age about 60
        Receiving ASIS Award of Merit
        Charlotte Davis Mooers at Oct. 1998 Conference
        Edith Mooers at Oct. 1998 Conference
 

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INDEX OF INFORMATION SCIENCE PIONEERS
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Page updated 16 December 2013